Botulinum toxin is called botulinum toxin type A, it is better known by the abbreviated name Botox. This substance is produced by Clostridium anaerobic bacteria, it has been widely used in medicine since 1960. Botox has changed for the better the lives of hundreds of people around the world. It is used for partial paralysis, including paralysis of the facial nerve. The introduction of Botox relaxes the muscles so that the symmetry of the face returns to the patients.
Botulinum toxin is used in neurology in the treatment of headaches and migraines, strabismus and other neurological diseases, Botox has been used even among orthodontists, it is prescribed for teeth grinding.
The action of Botox is localized, it relaxes a certain muscle through a violation of the transfer of impulse to it, coming from the nerve ending. The action of Botox is temporary, so the injections are re-introduced every 3-5 months.
Botulinum toxin and cosmetology
Practicing botox treatment, the doctors could not help noticing that it has the ability to smooth wrinkles. This was the first step in the world of the newest cosmetology. Botulinum toxin injections perfectly cope with wrinkles on the forehead, around the eyes, on the bridge of the nose. For the muscles of the lower part of the face, such injections are used very rarely, since muscles localization is very dense, the probability of touching the wrong muscle is very high. A mistake with the target muscle does not harm the health but aesthetic disorders are possible, for example, the temporary omission of the mouth corners. Botox shots should be done by a person who is very familiar with anatomy.
Botulinum toxin is not a miracle cure for all wrinkles, it will be powerless against static wrinkles formed many years ago. But botox therapy is very effective against dynamic wrinkles, in addition, it has the prevention of new wrinkles formation. The effect of Botox introduction becomes noticeable on the second day after the injection. The maximum effect is achieved in 2 weeks and lasts for 3-5 months. In order for the skin to always be smooth, it is necessary to inject Botox regularly.
The main contraindications for botox injections are:
- immunity to botulinum toxin;
- pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- cancer: diagnosed or suggested;
- stage of exacerbation of any chronic disease;
- violation of skin integrity at the site of the alleged injection.
Side effects from the introduction of Botox have not yet been identified, but it has a number of contraindications.